APPENDIX BC: WASTE MANAGEMENT PLAN
The general issues considered in the design of the bio system incorporated within a waste management plan are summarised as:
- Process the organic waste produced on site
- Render harmless any initially toxic waste from the town centre
- Recycle all solid waste
- Process liquid waste
- Avoid adverse environmental impacts off site from the use and disposal of any products
- Handle solid liquid and gaseous wastes from buildings in an ecologically friendly manner
- Minimise the need for motorised transport
- Integrate waste products with permaculture
- Establish compost collection and fertiliser distribution system
- Composting systems available:
- Worm farms
- Dry bins
- Wet systems
- Odour and pest control
- Economies of scale and system thresholds
- Organic foods: pecans, citrus, vegetables, fruits, eggs, bread
- Pollution neutral;
- Air (smell, dust)
- Water (weeds, runoff)
- Chemical (fertiliser)
- Noise (internal/external)
- Permaculture – design with nature.
The waste hierarchy must be taken into account at all times. Reduce, reuse and recycle wastes wherever appropriate.
The community will adopt waste management procedures during the construction stage and links the ongoing permanent operations to the permaculture and ecological regeneration within the site.
The diagram below best outlines all the components of the plan and is reproduced on the next page for clarity.
The system outlined shows segregation of waste into 6 categories with separate treatments for recyclable items, green waste, general, hazardous and cooking oil.
Use of biodegradable products will also assist with processing and equipment provided.
The village will be owned and operated by the collective community who will collect and process all waste onsite and can encourage all residents to assist with recycling.
Composting by worm farms or other means will also provide a resource for resident use.
The concept outlined uses internal waste collection and recycling and this practice will be continued with trained staff in the new community.
An onsite waste management facility is provided at the entry road location of the site with direct access to the main public road. This will allow heavy waste contracting vehicles to enter the site at this point to collect bulk recyclable material and remove waste offsite as necessary.
This removes the nuisance of disturbing residents and the safety issues by having large noisy trucks within the site, minimises collection frequency and adds to the sustainability of the community through efficient operation.
The proposal outlined shows how waste can be used as a resource to benefit the community where it is generated.